The images pouring out of California this week have been shocking. If you’re in the area there are several key ways you can lower your risk. If you’re not, there are important ways that you can help others.
For those in California, here are some tips on how to lower risk:
First of all, be smart. Make sure you have an evacuation plan mapped out before you go – both online and offline. Prepare basic emergency supplies, which should include water. It should also include clothing to cover your skin from hot ash and durable footwear. If an authority tells you to evacuate, you must do so calmly and immediately. Remember, they have your best interests at heart too. If an authority hasn’t been in contact but you feel that you are in real imminent danger, trust your instincts and evacuate.
Secondly, be prepared. Wildfires spread voraciously by nature, and this is faster when there is more fuel readily available. Before you evacuate, make sure to remove combustibles like firewood and gas from your property. Close all windows and doors to prevent drafts which can help stoke a fire. Shut off any gas or oil supplies, and if there is enough time fill large bodies (such as bath tubs) with water. Doing these can help to stop the spread of the fire and reduce property damages for others, too.
Finally, be aware. If for some reason you are unfortunately caught in a wildfire you should be aware of how best to lower the risk you’re exposed to. Be aware that you should not attempt to outrun the blaze: instead, find a closer body of water such as a lake or river. If possible kneel or crouch in the water, making sure to cover your mouth and nose with wet material to avoid breathing smoke and ash. If there is no nearby water, try to find a dip in the ground with little vegetation. Stay as close as you can to the ground, and breath through wet material. If possible, cover your body with wet material also.
If you’re not in the area affected by wildfires there are still some things to do that can help. If you’re not immediately affected:
Firstly, support your community. Make sure to keep communication channels clear in case vital information needs to get through the networks – the more people using a mobile network, the more chance it has of becoming congested, and in the worse case scenario collapsing entirely. Offer your home or other facilities to those who have evacuated, and keep an eye on the progress of the fire – be aware that even if you aren’t immediately at risk, this can change extremely quickly.
Secondly, help constructively. If you want to share information online to help others, you must double check that this information comes from a trusted source (such as a government or authority managing the fire). Go back and look at the data, and when you share is make sure to link to the original source. Be aware that a lot of information shared can actually be out-dated, and passing it on can actually increase someones risk – especially in a fire that moves so quickly. Before sharing something, double check the time of publication, and if it doesn’t have one source more reliable information yourself.
Finally, be aware that online information can be different from offline. Even online information on different social media sites can different. Filter bubbles, networks, and online algorithms change what you see and when. This means that you need to think critically, and evaluate how reliable these can be. If you’re not sure that something is correct, its better to not share it and leave that to the authorities.
I am a current PhD researcher, and so on a semi-regular basis I am expected to be some sort of functioning adult (not fueled entirely by caffeine) and to present my research at various conferences around the world. While this is a fabulous excuse to travel more, it does involve nearly twice the amount of effort that vacationing or backpacking alone does. I’m not sure if you’ve ever had to program a graph in an airport lounge trying to keep hold of your bag with one hand, wildly waving your phone around for signal in the other, with 3% battery remaining on your laptop and a chorus of screaming children voicing their concern about the upcoming flight in the only way that they know how. But, if you haven’t, I can assure you that it’s stressful.
Most conferences I attend generally gift me USB drives, poor quality plastic pens or generic mugs with the conference logo printed on them*. The calibre of the “conference haul” is rarely high, but it performs a basic function. It says to the attendees “We value you being here. We value it so much that we ordered in several thousand shitty miscellaneous office supplies – even though we know that the only human contact they will receive thereinafter will be in the emergency case of a colleague you don’t particularly like asking to borrow a pen – just to say that we appreciate your presence”.
So, when I turned up at a particular conference this year in the city of Albi, southern France, I was rather surprised to find that my conference haul was actually.. Well, it was actually a haul. Within a large canvas bag I not only had copies of the programme and some information about the local area but also an entire freshly baked baguette no less than 3ft long, a hand crafted blue beret with the conference logo sewn onto the front, and a bottle of rather expensive red wine from a local vineyard.
This was pretty fucking exciting. It was especially fucking exciting because I had presented at the same conference the year before in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and was gifted a half-broken gym bag and a leaflet on how to avoid contracting the Zika virus**. Later on during the day it transpired that wafting your baguette while wearing the beret around absolute strangers at the conference was, instead of being obnoxiously rude, in fact a great way to get a conversation going:
“Can you believe this?” ((wangles baguette around))
“It’s crazy isn’t it? Guess we’ll all have to drink our wine together!” ((flounces off in beret))
After the initial buzz most people’s attention naturally turned back to the conference at hand. Conferences tend to last between 3 – 5 days and feature a series of presentations, panel discussions and keynote speakers. In the evenings there are often group activities or meals where you get to know other academics better***. As one of the conference evening activities was to visit a local vineyard and sample some (all) of the wines, our personal bottles escaped our attention until the night before or morning of our departure from France.
And so, a number of tactics suddenly became apparent to make the most of the expensive free wine before our looming departure. These were needed as the wine was corked: I admit that that doesn’t sound like a big obstacle in fairness, most wine bottles have corks. The problem was that we, the attendees, were staying in a French University halls of residence, that (a.) did not have any sort of cutlery or crockery available other than a single plastic cup****, and (b.) was a good 40 minute walk from the nearest civilization that didn’t have a single supermarket or place to buy a bottle opener.
The rural picturesque countryside of Southern France was not prepared for what happened next as every academic confined to the halls of residence put their qualifications to good use. Only in the case of expensive free conference wine has the phrase “Adapt. Improvise. Overcome.” been put into such effective play. A number of methodologies emerged:
The group of Dutch practitioners staying on the level below me had opted for a collaboration strategy. Together they had used a divide and conquer tactic to scour the entire campus for any pens and office equipment that they could get hold of*****. They then lined up all of their personal bottles and used a different implement to try and open each with varying levels of success. They had essentially created an impromptu drinking research collaboration group, and by god they were determined to be the ones getting the research grant at the end of the day.
In stark contrast, two elderly British professors had converged on the floor above, shouting animatedly about possible solutions to the wine conundrum. As they had no tools or ways to implement said solutions they simply became louder and more enthusiastic, repeating each hypothesis with increasing gusto and conviction the more it was speculated. It didn’t matter whether the Dutch group opened the wine successfully first, the Brit’s had thought of the right thing, so as far as they were concerned they were the first authors.
The Americans had gone for a “fuck it” approach. It was simple but effective. They were aware of the commotion across the halls and by extent Albi itself, but had no interest in sharing intel nor getting their names on a paper. Several of them had gone off to nearby hotels where they had politely – and in complete isolation – opened the wine. Eventually some had returned after blearily wandering the picturesque city back to the halls irrespective of one another, and very clearly looking like they had possibly maybe drunk an entire bottle of wine each.
My own method took a little while to come into play; I thought I was being clever by observing the advances of the others and waiting to attempt to open my own bottle the next morning. As far as I was concerned I was conducting a drinking ethnography for the sake of science.
But, I was not clever. Not at all.
The next day you see, as everyone else was due to return home, I had instead decided to stay for another week or so travelling around Southern France on my own solo adventures. This meant that I needed to get to the fairly nearby city of Toulouse on my own, in a region where English was not common, and my high school French was… a bit merde… The best method I’d seen so far was devised by my American friend Rob, who had essentially dismembered the cork of the wine using a conference pencil. But Rob’s methodology was not perfect. By dismembering the cork you pushed it back into the liquid where it sat staring back at you every time you took a swig.
Silently judging you and your poorly thought-out travel plans.
But, it was the best method so far and I’ll be damned if I left a good conference haul go to waste – for the sake of academia! I ended up drinking the entire bottle of wine between the hour of 8am and 9am straight from the bottle and on an empty stomach, while being silently judged by floating bits of cork, sitting on the floor of the halls of residence where the decor could only be described as ‘1984-esque’.
I’m not going to talk you through the entire ordeal that I put myself through that morning. The only things that you need to know are (a) about half way through the bottle I had to call some friends back home in England to question my life choices, (b) I definitely missed my bus despite standing outside for almost an hour before it was supposed to depart, and (c.) I have no idea how I got to Toulouse safely, let alone found my airbnb apartment*****.
My mis-adventure in Southern France taught me to beware of academics bearing free conference wine. But more importantly it taught me to beware of my own drinking standards when it comes to free alcohol, especially when you are a lone idiot abroad. A lesson well learnt.
*Sometimes I steal triple the quantity of pain au chocolat that any mere mortal can manage at breakfast, so really it’s all swings and roundabouts. I’ve become quite inventive with smuggling them out of the food hall, actually. I’ve also become exceptionally good at understanding “You there! Miss! Put the pain au chocolat down!” in a range of languages.
** As someone who can attract all 7 of the mosquitoes that inhabit England I spent my entire time in Brazil basted head to toe insect repellent. I was still bitten.
*** You get drunk together. You all get very, very drunk together.
****I saw a blunt knife at breakfast one morning but it was taken away by the staff before I could pilfer it to add to my pain au chocolat collection.
*****Ironically, all found supplies were branded by long dead conferences, covered in layers of dust and stored at the back of shelves.
******I actually had a fractured foot at this point in time also, which I’d managed to do while running a month or two earlier and not letting it rest while I was travelling around Italy and Malta. If there is one thing that I can fully endorse, it’s that you need to work out exactly where your airbnb place if BEFORE turning up in the city thinking that you can just “wing it”.